Functional Analyses

8. Functional Analysis of Desired Species from the Client- from the interview, identify species or elements that you need to know more about

Element 1.0: Cold/Slow Compost Pile

Primary Source: http://www.compostinfo.com/tutorial/methods.htm#Sheet

     -Needs/Imputs
>Brown materials
>Kitchen scraps
>Soil
>Water
     –Products/Outputs
>Plant food
>>Increased soil microorganisms, worms, and decomposed organic matter/nutrients
     -Innate Characteristics
>Dimensions between 3x3x3 and 5x5x5

Element 1.1: Hot Compost Pile

Primary Information Source: http://web.extension.illinois.edu/homecompost/building.html

Needs/Imputs
-Enough Oxygen to maintian aerobic activity
-Proper Carbon to Nitrogen ratio
-Organic materials
>50% woody/high carbon materials
>40% green materials
>10% high nitrogen
>>animal manures, fertilizers, or commercial starters
-Soil microorganisms
>top soil or active compost
-Water/moisture
-Care/observation
-Close monitoring of temperature
-Physically turning or flipping of pile when time is right
Products/Outputs
-Plant food
>Insects and soil microorganisms, including worms
-Accelerated decomposition of organic material
-Produces/creates heat
Innate Characteristics
-Dimensions between 3x3x3ft and 5x5x5ft

Element 1.3: Worm Bin
Source: http://compost.css.cornell.edu/worms/basics.html

  • Needs/Imputs
  • Fruit/vegetable food scraps
  • Water
    • Something to hold moisture, such as newspaper
  • Source of warmth
  • Metal/plastic/glass/wooden bin at least 18” deep.
  • Products/Outputs
  • Vermicompost
    • Food soil microorganisms
  • Helps make nutrients available to plants
  • Innate characteristics

Element 2: Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)

Primary sources: Edible Forest Gardens, Vol.2 (Dave Jacke, Eric Toensmeier); pfaf.org

Needs/Imputs
-Zones 2-10
-Part Sun, part shade
-Moderate water, not too wet
-Neutral, acidic, or moderately alkaline soil pH
Products/Outputs
-Partial shade and wind break
-6-12’ tall 
-Edible uses
>Tuber (raw or cooked)
-Medicinal Uses
>Leaf, flower, and tuber
>>Digestive aid
>>Aperient; Cholagogue; Diuretic; Stomachic; Tonic
-Lots of biomass
-Flowering (yellow)
Innate Characteristics
-Annual
-Indefinite width, growing expansively
-Grows fast
-Native plant of eastern North America

Element 3: Sage (Salvia Officinalis)

Primary Source: pfaf.org

Needs/Imputs
-Zone 5
-Soil
>Well-drained soil or moist soil
>Neutral or alkaline soil pH
-Full sun
Products/Outputs
-Flowering (light purple)
-Edible uses
>Leaf and flower
-Medicinal uses
>Leaf
>>Digestive aid       >>Antihydrotic; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic; Aromatherapy; Astringent; Carminative; Cholagogue; Galactofuge; Stimulant; Tonic; Vasodilator
-Other uses
>Pesticide
>Compost activator
>Leaf
>>Tooth cleaner
>>Oils
>>Perfume
>Ground cover after year 1
Innate Characteristics
-Annual
-Not frost-tender
-Evergreen shrub
-Native to southern Europe and Asia minor
-Deer resistant
-Moderate growth rate

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