Patch Design

Patch: Northeast Perennial Garden

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Species List:

  • Blackcurrant
  • Whitecurrant
  • Gooseberry “Pixwell”
  • Anne Yellow Raspberry
  • Purple Asparagus (Asparagus-officinalis)
  • Various Cherry Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
  • Echinacea (Echinacea-angustifolia)
  • Marigold (Tagetes-lucida)
  • Siberian Peashrub (Caragana-arborescens)
  • Wild Ginger (Asarum-canidense)
  • Wild Strawberry (Fragaria-virginiana)

Earthworks:

  • Remove sod on the edge of existing bed and dig one keyhole garden on the north end of the garden extending west into the front yard
  • Level a 3mx3m square site at the north end of the car cover for the tool shed to be placed on

Establishment and Succession of Species

Spring (year 1)

  • Bushes -already planted- are young and small
  • Plant commercially available wild strawberries in late spring/early summer

Fall (Year 1)

  • Level foundation for garden shed and install garden shed
  • Create keyhole garden
  • Form defined strip of flower bed along the west side of garden
  • Plant Goat’s Rue

Spring (Year 2)

  • Start wild ginger, tomatoes, echinacea, and marigolds in greenhouse
  • Transplant ginger, tomatoes, echinaea and marigolds into beds when ready

Fall (year 2)

  • Coppice bushes and thin overgrowth of perennial plants; distribute biomass around garden

Notes on Succession

  • Over the course of year 2, the peashrub will grow fast to about 10-15 ft. tall to form a nice wall of flowering greenery along the east edge of the garden and along the back sides of the tool shed; as the years go on, this plant will need to be cut back and maintained and will be a source of biomass for the other beds. As the years go by, the currants will fill out to 1-2 meters in size and will produce new shoots forming new growth. The gooseberry will grow rapidly to 1-2 meters tall and reproduces vigorously through seed; these bushes have a long life span. The yellow raspberry bush will grow vigorous and rapidly to about 4 feet tall. Running stems from the wild strawberries will allow it to spread and fill out the garden bed in the second year of growth; rhizomes/stolons will run indefinitely throughout its lifespan. The asparagus patch will grow and spread through clumps to about 18-36” and no further; however, the asparagus is very dispersive and can easily spread to other parts of the garden and yard via its seed. Tomatoes are the only annual plant in the garden. They will need to be replanted each year.
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